By Sumaiya Sayeed, '20
What we can say definitively about objects is that they take up space and, if experiencing forces, can move. To that extent, it may seem obvious the way that a ball will behave if dropped from the Eiffel Tower. What happens if there are strong winds? You might reply, of course, the ball will move in the direction of the wind. But more challenging questions persist. Is wind on a snowy hill enough to cause an avalanche? How does the heroin market take shape in cities? The answers to those questions – avalanche, heroin markets– can be answered through computer simulations. Inherent in patterns of movement are variations, complications, nuances which make stagnant models and sets of statistics inadequate for understanding the inner workings of complicated events. The advent of visualization technology in the recent years not only illuminates the workings of dynamic items but serves an aesthetic, artistic purpose that simplifies itself for those outside the field.
by Olivia Woodford-Berry, 19'
While it is widely accepted germline stem continuously regenerate sperm populations in mammalian males, the existence of ovarian stem cells (OSCs), or lack thereof, was long viewed as a closed book within the world of mammalian research. Since 1951, the prevailing dogma, set by Dr. Solly Zuckerman, has asserted that neo-oogenesis (egg formation) in mammals occurs neither postnatally beyond a few days nor after damage to the existing egg population.  That is to say, women are born with a set number of germline cells that will only decline over their lifetimes. Indeed, this data would be corroborated by later studies showing that DNA synthesis does not occur in adult ovaries.  However, this dogma was seriously challenged for the first time in 2004, when Tilly’s group published a paper blatantly refuting previous claims, arguing that oocyte regeneration occurs in mice. This controversial study marked the beginning a new, promising line of research surrounding female germline regeneration and reproductive health.
by Holly Zheng, '22
When we are talking to a friend at a noisy cocktail party, we usually are able to identify the voice of the friend and keep track of what they are saying despite the chattering in the background. This task seems effortless for the human brain, but for computer-user interacting devices such as Alexa and Google Home, “cocktail party” scenes induce a complicated process through which the device has to filter the background voices and pinpoint the target one. Recently, researchers at Google and the Idiap Research Institute in Switzerland proposed a new approach to the training of similar devices on the voice filtering process.
By Maddie Critz, '20
Humans weren’t the first to meet Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds. Hallucinogenic drugs, be they magic mushrooms, blowfish, or moss, have played a role in the animal kingdom since long before the dawn of man. Animal models of hallucinogen use provide key insight into human behavior, drug interaction, and neurological disorders.
By Claire Bekker, '21
On October 8th, 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued a strong wake-up call to the world: we only have twelve years to avoid the most catastrophic effects of climate change . To prevent a 2ºC increase in warming from pre-industrial levels, we need to meet stringent goals for CO2 emissions. By 2030, emissions must be 45% lower than 2010 levels. By 2050, we need to reach zero net emissions (in which case we would either emit no CO2 or remove as much CO2 from the atmosphere as we released).
by Rahul Jayaram, '21
El Amino Hospital in California has experienced tremendous success with its implementation of artificial intelligence technology throughout the clinic floors. The rate at which patients experienced harmful falls dipped 39% below its original value due to the integration of a software that analyzes the patient's behavior along with their health history records to predict the moments in which they may be the most at risk. If at risk for a fall, the patient is moved closer to a nurse station or monitored through video . The use of such a program to assist the El Camino Hospital staff in providing a better quality of life for patients is one of the many positive results of introducing smart technology in the field of healthcare.
by Olivia Woodford-Berry, '19
The blurry lines between our conceptions of the human mind and the biological systems within the brain appeal to a range of intellectuals, from neurobiologists to physicians to philosophers, yet it is difficult to piece together our conceptions of the mind and the ways that may biological systems work together in the human brain. Over recent decades, progress in biological imaging and research methods have fundamentally improved our understanding of the brain. However, neurological research still has a way to go before scientists reach any sort of consensus on the workings of the human mind.
by Kaitlyn Lew '20
Doctors aren’t just humans. Some animals don't need medical school to know how to heal themselves and others of their species.
by Dylan Sam '21
Every Google search you perform, each Amazon purchase you make, and each Spotify playlist you create holds information. Nowadays, every online action yields useful information to companies that amass large amounts of data. Certain companies exist solely to collect data and sell it to interested customers, who utilize this data to improve their product and its marketing. The field of data science focuses on finding information in large data sets to improve services, technologies, and much more. While data science has many benefits, there are many social consequences, the most important of which is the loss of digital privacy. Data science is progressing and gaining popularity in the commercial sector, but it should be regulated or controlled in its growth to maintain people's privacy.
Data science has appeal in its universal application; it is currently used to produce new, innovative, and useful technology, as well as to make headway in research to benefit the population. Micah Altman, the director at the Program of Information Science at MIT, states, “Vast quantities of data from new sources and novel methods for large-scale data analysis promise to yield deeper understanding of human characteristics, behavior, and relationships and advance the state of science, public policy, and innovation.”1
By Emily Rehmet, '20
For years, the American Psychological Association has classified eating disorders into a discrete category on its own, a direct byproduct of patients having doubts about their body size and image. However, a recent study suggests that bulimia nervosa may be connected to something deeper… a vehicle for people to escape from self-critical thoughts. New research has shown that rather than simply having an obsession with food, women with this disorder have decreased blood flow to a brain area associated with self reflection and self worth. What is this newly discovered brain area that could be causing this you may ask? A region called the precuneus .