by Rahul Jayaram '21
El Amino Hospital in California has experienced tremendous success with its implementation of artificial intelligence technology throughout the clinic floors. The rate at which patients experienced harmful falls dipped 39% below its original value due to the integration of a software that analyzes the patient's behavior along with their health history records to predict the moments in which they may be the most at risk. If at risk for a fall, the patient is moved closer to a nurse station or monitored through video . The use of such a program to assist the El Camino Hospital staff in providing a better quality of life for patients is one of the many positive results of introducing smart technology in the field of healthcare.
by Olivia Woodford-Berry, '19
The blurry lines between our conceptions of the human mind and the biological systems within the brain appeal to a range of intellectuals, from neurobiologists to physicians to philosophers, yet it is difficult to piece together our conceptions of the mind and the ways that may biological systems work together in the human brain. Over recent decades, progress in biological imaging and research methods have fundamentally improved our understanding of the brain. However, neurological research still has a way to go before scientists reach any sort of consensus on the workings of the human mind.
by Kaitlyn Lew '20
Doctors aren’t just humans. Some animals don't need medical school to know how to heal themselves and others of their species.
by Dylan Sam '21
Every Google search you perform, each Amazon purchase you make, and each Spotify playlist you create holds information. Nowadays, every online action yields useful information to companies that amass large amounts of data. Certain companies exist solely to collect data and sell it to interested customers, who utilize this data to improve their product and its marketing. The field of data science focuses on finding information in large data sets to improve services, technologies, and much more. While data science has many benefits, there are many social consequences, the most important of which is the loss of digital privacy. Data science is progressing and gaining popularity in the commercial sector, but it should be regulated or controlled in its growth to maintain people's privacy.
Data science has appeal in its universal application; it is currently used to produce new, innovative, and useful technology, as well as to make headway in research to benefit the population. Micah Altman, the director at the Program of Information Science at MIT, states, “Vast quantities of data from new sources and novel methods for large-scale data analysis promise to yield deeper understanding of human characteristics, behavior, and relationships and advance the state of science, public policy, and innovation.”1
By Emily Rehmet, '20
For years, the American Psychological Association has classified eating disorders into a discrete category on its own, a direct byproduct of patients having doubts about their body size and image. However, a recent study suggests that bulimia nervosa may be connected to something deeper… a vehicle for people to escape from self-critical thoughts. New research has shown that rather than simply having an obsession with food, women with this disorder have decreased blood flow to a brain area associated with self reflection and self worth. What is this newly discovered brain area that could be causing this you may ask? A region called the precuneus .
By Jess Sevetson
Definitive diagnosis for many neurodegenerative diseases – such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, or Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) – frequently comes far too late. With dementia patients, doctors assess memory and behavior using specialized cognitive tests, though the results of these tests can be ambiguous. The “true gold standard” for diagnosis of both Alzheimer’s and CTE is through direct postmortem examination of brain tissue. Now, both researchers and athletes are working to change that.
Tragedies of Science: The Story of Thalidomide and How the FDA Gained More Power than Any Other Government Agency
By Olivia Woodford-Berry, '19
Though unfamiliar to some, many still remember thalidomide as one of the worst scientific mishaps of the twentieth century. This drug, originally produced in Germany, was brought to market with problematic lack of testing, and was later proven to cause an array of birth defects from phocomelia, or shortened or abnormal appendages resulting from problems with limb development in the womb, to autism like symptoms. (1) According to the Thalidomide Society, as many as 120,000 babies have miscarried, still born, or born with birth defects as a result of thalidomide. (1) This failure to regulate drugs has impacted thousands of victims, and the influence of this catastrophe continues to impact drug development in unseen ways. Specifically, the historical memories of thalidomide have given wake to the modern, virtually insurmountable power of the Food and Drug Administration.
By Cindy Won, '20
We see everywhere in medical headlines that diseases such as cancer and diabetes are some of the leading causes of death. But what really drives the high prevalence of these conditions? In reality, smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Ever since the Surgeon General Report of 1964 revealed the deleterious effects of smoking on various organs in the body, tobacco prevention strategies have been implemented in public health education. Despite these strategies, over 42 million continue to smoke , and smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths in the United States, both directly and indirectly
by Maddie Critz '20
“Blindsight”. A word that may seem like only an oxymoron to you, but to a room full of neurologists, the word “blindsight” may incite groans of frustration or, perhaps, an argument.
by Rahul Jayaram '21
If given the task of memorizing a speech word for word, most people would approach the task by continuously repeating the series of words in the speech until they can recite the piece in its entirety. Your brain does a similar task when visual memory comes into play. However, instead of days, such processing takes place in milliseconds, allowing for quick recall. Researchers at the Baycrest Center for Geriatric care have confirmed this key role of eye movements in visual memory in their study involving an image memory task. They determined that when people try to remember an image in their head, their eyes move in a manner similar to when they first viewed the object.